1. What are the common causes?
2. How does this condition differ between women and men?
3. What are the treatment options for females?
4. How can I find help for restoration?


1. What are the common causes?

A number of factors may contribute towards female hair loss, and this can affect the required treatment. Due to the enormous effect of this condition has on appearance and wellbeing, women must seek the help of a qualified dermatologist or trichologist as soon as they notice the loss of hair. Let us discuss some common causes of women hair loss, and the treatment options.
a) Genetic reasons: Genetic predisposition to balding and hair thinning is the most important cause of this symptom. According to the estimates, around 50% women experiencing balding face it due to genetic reasons. Usually, genetic balding affects women in their fifties and sixties. However, women younger than thirty years of age can also experience such symptoms.
b) Hormonal fluctuations: Women experience hormonal fluctuations throughout their lives. Some of these fluctuations are normal for every woman, and some are caused by medical conditions. During pregnancy, most women start losing strands due to enormous hormonal fluctuations. Their hair returns to normal after pregnancy. Menopause is another period in women’s life when they face hormonal fluctuations. Growing age coupled with hormonal fluctuations often cause balding during and after menopause.
c) Scalp and hair diseases: There are a number of disease that may induce balding in women. Women are at a greater risk of certain autoimmune diseases. It is highly recommended to consult a dermatologist as soon as you notice any condition causing excessive balding.
d) Nutrition: Nutrition can be a cause of thinning and balding. Fortunately, strands grow again if you treat it in a timely manner.
e) Cosmetic use: Use of harsh chemicals is a very important reason. Hair straightener and perming products can cause permanent damage to even the strongest strands. Repeated use of hair dyes can also cause permanent damage and balding, especially when they are used to make dramatic changing in colour.
f) Traction: Some hairstyles put continuous traction to the strand on a particular area. Continuous traction can damage hair permanently, so, it is advised to avoid these hairstyles for a longer period of time.

2. How does this condition differ between women and men?

This condition differs in females to males for multiple reasons. Firstly, it is not as common in females compared to males. Second, for women this condition does not progress to complete baldness as it does in their male counterparts.
The pattern for male and female hair loss is also different. Males start losing hair strands from the crown and hairline, and their condition may progress until only some strands on the back and sides of the head remains; this is known as male pattern baldness. In contrast, females face either general diffuse hair thinning across the head, or experience pattern baldness where they lose strands from the middle and top of the head; this is called female pattern baldness. Hairline usually remains intact in case of female pattern baldness.

3. What are the treatment options for women?

Timely treatment is crucial in case of balding in females. However, your dermatologist should make sure to diagnose the cause. If your unique condition is not genetic pattern baldness, it could be a sign of other disease. This disease must be treated to stop the loss of hair and safeguard overall health.
There is no effective method to prevent female pattern baldness. However, medication may help to control it, at least as long as you continue using it. Here are some effective medications to control women pattern baldness.
a) Minoxidil: A topical solution Minoxidil is effective to control baldness. 5% concentration is recommended for men, and 2% concentration is recommend for women. Minoxidil 5% is also effective in women; however, there is a risk of facial hair growth. Please note that it is not a permanent hair loss treatment for females; it just controls the condition as long as you continue its use.
b) Oral Medication: Oral medication for women baldness is different from the medication used to treat the same condition in men. Spironolactone is an anti-androgen, and acts in two ways. First, it slows down the production of androgens in the ovaries and adrenal glands. Second, it prevents dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from binding to its androgenic receptors.
Tagamet is brand name of cimetidine. It belongs to a class histamine blocker drugs used to treat gastrointestinal ulcers. It prevents the stomach from producing excess acid to promote healing. In addition to this, cimetidine has a powerful anti-androgenic effect; and it has been shown to block dihydro-testosterone from binding the hair follicle receptor sites. It is effective in controlling female androgenic alopecia in women. However, it is not suitable for men due to its feminizing effects.
Cyproterone Acetate is prescribed for severe hirsutism and androgenic alopecia in women.
Cyproterone acetate exerts its effects by blocking DHT binding to its receptors.
c) Nutritional supplements: Nutritional supplements can help only when the hair loss is caused by nutritional deficiency. Iron and other vitamins and minerals are essential for hair health.
d) Low-level laser therapy: Low-level laser therapy stimulates hair growth on the head. Its effects remain as long as you continue its use.

4. How can I find help on hair loss and hair restoration?

The best course of action should be proper investigation of the underlying cause of women hair loss. A dermatologist or trichologist is the right person to help you diagnose the cause. Experienced doctors and surgeons in Hair Transplant Australia can help females to control your hair loss as well as regain your hair through treatments such as hair transplants. Call now, or fill free consultation form for a professional advice from senior surgeons.